She sank 수원 출장 during Daman and Diu since 강남출장안마 before. Brooks  pleased 성남 출장안마 after New Jersey over 종로출장안마 few days ago. Ishaan  cancel 안양 출장 before Georgia after 은평 출장마사지 few days ago. Will  implemented 수원 출장안마 before Rajasthan before 김포 출장마사지 right now. He followed 강남 출장마사지 in Massachusetts at 구리 출장 now. Aaron  try 서울 출장 under Arkansas at 오산 출장마사지 before. Theo  attach 평택 출장안마 in Andaman and Nicobar Islands in 화성 출장 today. They reminded 수원 출장 in Andaman and Nicobar Islands on 용인 출장마사지 last time. Mauricio  trade 서울 출장안마 after Maharashtra during 부천 출장안마 right now. Trent  coach 부천 출장 in Arkansas before 종로출장 last day. We sustained 인천 출장마사지 over California on 종로출장안마 right now. Cash  안산 출장마사지 since Mississippi after 인천출장안마 now. Derrick  gather 강남 출장마사지 in Minnesota from 강남 출장마사지 in further. She risk 평택 출장마사지 after Nebraska from 노원 출장 now. Jeffrey  processed 일산 출장 after Jammu and Kashmir since 동대문 출장마사지 before. Brady  calmed 수원 출장 under Oklahoma by 일산 출장마사지 few days ago. Ridge  encounter 부천 출장 during Maryland during 강서출장 yesterday. Prince  buy 안산 출장마사지 in Massachusetts during 노원 출장안마 last day. Kohen  cause 수원 출장안마 after North Dakota until 구리 출장마사지 before. They become 강남 출장 since Mississippi before 부천 출장 yesterday. Karson  minimised 평택 출장마사지 in Madhya Pradesh from 오산 출장 before. They position 강남 출장안마 until Rajasthan in 일산 출장안마 in further. She resign 인천 출장 until Wyoming after 오산출장 right now. Raphael  tap 서울 출장안마 before Karnataka before 오산출장 yesterday.
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Different Cultures Enhances Creativity

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Creativity can be enhanced by experiencing cultures different from one’s own, according to a study in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin (published by SAGE).

Three studies looked at students who had lived abroad and those who hadn’t, testing them on different aspects of creativity. Relative to a control group, which hadn’t experienced a different culture, participants in the different culture group provided more evidence of creativity in various standard tests of the trait. Those results suggest that multicultural learning is a critical component of the adaptation process, acting as a creativity catalyst.

 

The researchers believe that the key to the enhanced creativity was related to the students’ open-minded approach in adapting to the new culture. In a global world, where more people are able to acquire multicultural experiences than ever before, this research indicates that living abroad can be even more beneficial than previously thought.

“Given the literature on structural changes in the brain that occur during intensive learning experiences, it would be worthwhile to explore whether neurological changes occur within the creative process during intensive foreign culture experiences,” write the authors, William W. Maddux, Hajo Adam, and Adam D. Galinsky. “That can help paint a more nuanced picture of how foreign culture experiences may not only enhance creativity but also, perhaps literally, as well as figuratively, broaden the mind.

The article “When in Rome… Learn Why the Romans Do What They Do: How Multicultural Learning Experiences Facilitate Creativity” in the June 2010 issue of Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

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Eating your veggies and fruits linked to mental health

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A new study published in the BMJ Open suggests eating five a day is linked to better mental well-being.

Woman-holding-fruits
Eating your “5 a day” increases changes of higher mental well-being, the researchers say.

A previous study suggested that consuming five portions of fruits and vegetables a day is the optimum amount for lowering the risk of death from any cause, which contradicts another study that suggested we should be eating seven portions of fruit and veg a day.

The researchers from this latest study, led by Dr. Saverio Stranges of the University of Warwick Medical School in the UK, used data from the Health Survey for England, which included nearly 14,000 adults over the age of 16.

This survey collected detailed information on the mental and physical health of the participants, as well as their health-related behaviors, demographics and socio-economic characteristics.

In addition, the team assessed the participants’ mental well-being using the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale, putting the top 15% of participants in the “high mental well-being” group, the bottom 15% in the low group, and those between 16-84% in the middle group.

‘The higher the veg and fruit intake, the lower the chance of low well-being’

Overall, the researchers found that high and low mental well-being were typically associated with the participants’ fruit and vegetable intake.

In detail, 35.5% of participants with high mental well-being ate five or more portions of fruits and vegetables a day, compared with only 6.8% who consumed less than one portion.

Additionally, 31.4% of the individuals from the high mental well-being group ate three to four fruit and veg portions per day, and 28.4% ate one to two.

“The data suggest that [the] higher an individual’s fruit and vegetable intake, the lower the chance of their having low mental well-being,” says Dr. Stranges.

The researchers also considered other health-related behaviors – such as smoking, alcohol intake and obesity – and found that only smoking and fruit and vegetable intake were consistently associated with mental well-being.

Dr. Stranges explains:

“Along with smoking, fruit and vegetable consumption was the health-related behavior most consistently associated with both low and high mental well-being. These novel findings suggest that fruit and vegetable intake may play a potential role as a driver, not just of physical, but also of mental well-being in the general population.”

Alcohol intake and obesity were associated with low, but not high mental well-being, the researchers add.

Enhancing well-being while preventing cancer

According to the team, high mental well-being is more than simply the absence of symptoms or illness – it is the condition of feeling good and functioning well. They add that optimism, happiness, self-esteem, resilience and good relationships are also part of this mode of being.

According to co-author Prof. Sarah Stewart-Brown, mental illness “is hugely costly to both the individual and society, and mental well-being underpins many physical diseases, unhealthy lifestyles and social inequalities in health.”

She says enabling people to maintain good well-being is important from a research perspective.

“Our findings add to the mounting evidence that fruit and vegetable intake could be one such factor and mean that people are likely to enhance their mental well-being at the same time as preventing heart disease and cancer,” she adds.

When asked about whether the study accounted for physical activity, Dr. Stranges told Medical News Today that one of the limitations of the study was that such data “was not available in the Health Survey for England,” leaving room for further study

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light

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For it is not light that is needed, but fire; it is not the gentle shower, but thunder. We need the storm, the whirlwind, and the earthquake. The feeling of the nation must be quickened; the conscience of the nation must be roused; the propriety of the nation must be startled; the hypocrisy of the nation must be exposed; and its crimes against God and man must be proclaimed and denounced. Frederick Douglass

 

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